Effects of a student pharmacist consultation on patient knowledge and attitudes about vaccines
Tony I-Fan Chou; David Benjamin Lash; Benjamin Malcolm; Layla Yousify; Julie Yennhi Quach; Sandy Dong; Junhua Yu
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2014;54:130-137. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2014.13114
View Author Identification Section
Tony I-Fan Chou: Tony I-Fan Chou, PharmD, BCPP, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice, West Coast University School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles, CA
David Benjamin Lash: David Benjamin Lash, MPH, 2014 PharmD candidate, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo
Benjamin Malcolm: Benjamin Malcolm, 2014 PharmD/MPH candidate, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo
Layla Yousify: Layla Yousify, PharmD, Assistant Professor, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo
Julie Yennhi Quach: Julie Yennhi Quach, 2014 PharmD/MPH candidate, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo
Sandy Dong: Sandy Dong, 2015 PharmD candidate, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo
Junhua Yu: Junhua Yu, MS, PhD, Assistant Professor, College of Pharmacy, Touro University California, Vallejo


Objective  To measure the impact of student pharmacists’ consultation on participant knowledge and attitudes about influenza and tetanus–diphtheria–acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines.

Design  Pre- and post-consultation surveys.

Setting  Free health care service and immunization clinics in Vallejo and Martinez, CA.

Participants  Children and adults 13 years of age or older.

Intervention  A convenience sample of participants completed a preintervention survey (PrIs) on basic vaccine knowledge and attitudes. Student pharmacists then delivered the intervention, which consisted of a 5-minute consultation on vaccines. A postintervention (PoIs) survey was administered immediately after the intervention.

Main outcome measures  Cumulative scores for eight knowledge-based questions and four attitude-based questions.

Results  198 participants completed both PrIs and PoIs. Compared with the PrI scores, the PoI scores showed significant improvement in basic vaccine knowledge and attitudes toward receiving vaccinations. Participants also were more likely to view pharmacists as a source of information about vaccines after the intervention. Student pharmacists administered 109 total vaccinations during the study, including 68 influenza vaccinations and 41 Tdap vaccinations.

Conclusion  A short, 5-minute consultation by a student pharmacist may increase vaccination rates and help serve as a vehicle to change the public's view of vaccines as well as pharmacists and their role in primary and preventive care.

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