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Research
Characteristics and trends of drug and dietary supplement inquiries by college athletes
Peter J. Ambrose; Candy Tsourounis; Frank D. Uryasz; Eric Patterson
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2013;53:297-303. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2013.12154

Abstract

Objective  To characterize the types of drug and dietary supplement inquiries submitted to the National Center for Drug Free Sport through the Resource Exchange Center (REC).

Design  Cross-sectional study.

Setting  United States, from July 2009 through June 2010.

Participants  Athletes and athletic personnel associated with the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Intervention  Tabulation and classification of drugs and dietary supplement inquiries.

Main outcome measure  Characteristics and trends of drug and dietary supplement inquiries.

Results  Inquiries for prescription medications for albuterol inhalers, methylphenidate, amphetamines, and prednisone were the most common using a drug lookup function. The most common inquiries for over-the-counter medications included pseudoephedrine, loratadine, cetirizine, and caffeine. Among dietary supplements, inquiries for amino acids/metabolites, vitamins and minerals, and herbal products occurred most frequently. One dietary supplement, N.O.-Xplode (Bio-Engineered Supplements and Nutrition, Inc.), accounted for the majority of individual dietary supplement inquiries. Banned substances accounted for 30% of all inquiries submitted to the REC and 18% of medications searched in a drug lookup database.

Conclusion  Almost 25,000 inquiries were submitted to the REC. Pharmacists can use this information to advise, counsel, and refer NCAA athletes regarding the use of banned and permitted substances. Education programs regarding stimulants, dietary supplements, and the risk of using substances such as animal byproducts are needed, and pharmacists can participate in these programs.

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References

Ambrose PJ.  Drug use in sports: a veritable arena for pharmacists.  J Am Pharm Assoc.  2004; 44( 4): 501– 16. [CrossRef]
 
Ambrose PJ, Tsourounis C, Olander R, Uryasz F.  Characteristics of drug and dietary supplement inquiries by college athletes.  Sports Health 2010; 2( 1): 12– 8. [CrossRef][PubMed]
 
Food and Drug Administration.  Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994: public law 103–417, 103rd Congress. http://ods.od.nih.gov/About/DSHEA_Wording.aspx. Accessed  April 3, 2013.
 
Brown G.  NCAA student-athlete participation hits 450,000. www.ncaa.org/wps/wcm/connect/public/NCAA/Resources/Latest+News/2012/September/NCAA+student‐athlete+participation+hits+450000. Accessed  October 29, 2012.
 
ESPN.com.  Report: Players warned over deer spray. http://espn.go.com/mlb/story/_/id/6839125/mlb‐warns‐players‐deer‐antler‐spray‐report‐says. Accessed  March 6, 2012.
 
Green GA, Uryasz FD, Petr TA, Bray CD.  NCAA study of substance use and abuse habits of college student-athletes.  Clin J Sport Med.  2001; 11( 1): 51– 6. [CrossRef][PubMed]
 
National Collegiate Athletic Association.  National Study of Substance Use Trends Among NCAA College Student-Athletes. www.ncaapublications.com/p‐4266‐research‐substance‐use‐national‐study‐of‐substance‐use‐trends‐among‐ncaa‐college‐student‐athletes.aspx. Accessed  October, 16, 2012.
 
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