0
Research
Impact of continuing professional development versus traditional continuing pharmacy education on learning behaviors
Karen J. McConnell; Thomas Delate; Carey L. Newlon
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2012;52:742-752. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2012.11080

Abstract

Objective  To assess the effect of continuing professional development (CPD) on perceptions of learning behaviors compared with traditional continuing pharmacy education (CPE).

Design  Randomized controlled trial.

Setting  Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) from August 2008 to June 2009.

Participants  Licensed pharmacists employed at KPCO.

Intervention  After completing a basic CPD course, participants were randomized into a control group that continued with traditional CPE or an intervention group that completed three CPD workshops and used the CPD approach for their professional learning needs. At baseline and follow-up, all participants completed a study questionnaire on perceptions of their learning behaviors.

Main outcome measure  Comparison of responses to questionnaire items at follow-up.

Results  100 pharmacists were enrolled. The intervention (n = 44; 7 lost to follow-up) and control (n = 47; 2 lost to follow-up) groups were similar at baseline. At follow-up, a higher percentage of intervention than control participants reported changing their learning behaviors/activities sometimes (41% vs. 0%, P < 0.01) or frequently/always (18% vs. 4%, P < 0.05). More intervention than control participants responded that they frequently/always participated in learning by doing (61% vs. 36%, P < 0.05), identified specific learning objectives (93% vs. 30%, P < 0.01), and documented their learning plan (82% vs. 13%, P < 0.01). A higher percentage of intervention than control participants responded that they adhered to their learning plan partially/to a large extent (80% vs. 15%, P < 0.01) and more than three-quarters of the intervention participants responded that they partially/to a large extent achieved their learning objectives ( P < 0.01).

Conclusion  Pharmacists who adopted a CPD approach were more likely to report that various aspects of their learning behaviors improved as a result of education activities compared with pharmacists who participated in traditional CPE.

Sign In
APhA Members 
Welcome to JAPhA.org! Please log in below using your APhA username and password. Update your APhA profile.
Not a Subscriber
New to JAPhA? Become an APhA member to receive a full subscription to both the print and online editions.

OR

Register for a FREE limited account to benefit from personalization features such as alerts.

References

Committee on Planning a Continuing Health Professional Education Institute.  Redesigning continuing education in the health professions.  Washington, DC:  National Academies Press;  2009.
 
Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.  Continuing professional development: the IPD policy.  London:  Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development;  1997: 4.
 
Rouse MJ.  Continuing professional development in pharmacy.  Am J Health Syst Pharm.  2004; 61: 2069– 76. [PubMed]
 
Medscape.  State CE requirements for pharmacists. Accessed at www.medscape.org/public/pharmcestaterequirements,  February 10, 2011.
 
Ozuah PO, Curtis J, Stein RE.  Impact of problem-based learning on resident's self-directed learning.  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.  2001; 155: 669– 72. [PubMed]
 
Itani LM, Miller CC, Church HM, McCollum CH.  Impact of a problem-based learning conference on surgery residents in training exam (ABSITE) scores: American Board of Surgery in Training Exam.  J Surg Res.  1997; 70: 66– 8. [PubMed]
 
Dopp AL, Moulton J, Rouse MJ, Trewet CB.  A five-state continuing professional development pilot program for practicing pharmacists.  Am J Pharm Educ.  2010; 74: article 28.
 
McConnell KJ, Newlon CL, Delate T.  The impact of continuing professional development versus traditional continuing pharmacy education on pharmacy practice.  Ann Pharmacother.  2010; 44: 1585– 95. [PubMed]
 
Austin Z, Marini A, Glover M, Croteau D.  Continuous professional development: a qualitative study of pharmacists’ attitudes, behaviors, and preferences in Ontario, Canada.  Am J Pharm Educ.  2005; 69: article 4.
 
Attewell J, Blenkinsopp A, Black P.  Community pharmacists and continuing professional development: a quality study of perceptions and current involvement.  Pharmaceutical Journal.  2005; 274: 519– 24.
 
Hanson AL, Bruskiewitz RH, Demuth JE.  Pharmacists’ perceptions of facilitators and barriers to lifelong learning.  Am J Pharm Educ.  2007; 71: article 67.
 
Bellanger RA, Shank TC.  Continuing professional development in Texas: survey of pharmacists’ knowledge and attitudes: 2008.  J Am Pharm Assoc.  2010; 50: 368– 74.
 
Helling DK, Nelson KM, Ramirez JE, Humphries TL.  Kaiser Permanente Colorado Region Pharmacy Department: innovative leader in pharmacy practice.  J Am Pharm Assoc.  2006; 46: 67– 76.
 
McConnell KJ, Newlon CL, Dickerhofe J.  A model for continuing pharmacy education.  Am J Pharm Educ.  2009; 73: article 87.
 
American Medical Association.  Frequently asked questions for physicians. Accessed at www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/education-careers/continuing-medical-education/frequently-asked-questions.shtml,  February 10, 2011.
 
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of the editorial staff.
* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Advertisement
 
  • Print
  • PDF Download
  • Email
  • Share
  • Get Citation
  • Submit Comment
  • Article Alerts
    Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
    You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

    Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

  • Letters To Editor
  • Reprints