Special Features: Patient-Centered Medical Homes
Academic pharmacy and patient-centered health care: A model to prepare the next generation of pharmacists
Seena L. Haines, PharmD, CDE, BC-ADM; Renee M. DeHart, PharmD, BCPS, FCCP; Arlene A. Flynn, BPharm, PhD, FASHP; Karl M. Hess, PharmD; Macary Weck Marciniak, PharmD, BCPS, FAPhA; Jeanine Mount, PhD, BPharm; Beth Bryles Phillips, PharmD, FCCP, BCPS; Joseph J. Saseen, PharmD, FCCP, BCPS; S. Whitney Zatzkin, MPA, MA
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2011;51:194-202. doi:10.1331/JAPhA.2011.10158


Objective  To provide evidence regarding existing partnerships between academic pharmacy and primary care that focus on training practitioners in patient-centered health care (PCHC).

Data sources  The report of the 2009–10 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Professional Affairs Committee identified 25 current U.S.-based examples of PCHC that incorporate the training and preparation of both student pharmacists and pharmacy residents.

Summary  The most frequently reported health care delivery model was an ambulatory care clinic followed by a Department of Veterans Affairs or military hospital clinic. Pharmacists worked alongside a variety of other health care providers in these settings. Collaboration occurred most commonly with family and internal medicine physicians but also with specialists such as psychiatrists, obstetricians/gynecologists, hematologists/oncologists, and other health care providers (e.g., nurses, physician assistants, dieticians, social workers).

Conclusion  In light of the increasing demand for primary care services, pharmacists’ documented ability to address these needs and the resulting benefits to patients, providers, and systems in these models, developing strategies for promoting pharmacist integration into PCHC is essential. Academic pharmacy provides a valuable platform for this integration through its expert faculty clinician involvement in care and practice-based research and student pharmacist and pharmacy residency training.

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